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The Technology of Effective Microorganisms

With all things and in all things, we are relatives.

                                                            -- Sioux

Basic Information

The concept and technology of Effective Microorganism [EM] was developed by Professor Dr. Teruo Higa, at the University of Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan in 1970’s. The fundamental principle of this technology was the introduction of a group of beneficial microorganisms to improve the efficacy of organic matter utilization by crops.

EM is a fermented mixed culture of beneficial microorganisms. These are Lactic acid bacteria, phototropic bacteria, and Yeast. These microorganisms exist in nature and are utilized for food processing and probiotic for livestock. The culture of EM contains these species, in an acidic medium. This solution does not contain any genetically modified microorganisms.

Research and field studies in all continents have shown that the inoculation of EM culture to the soil/plant ecosystem can improve soil quality, soil health, and the growth, yield, and quality of crops. Similar benefits have also been reported when EM is used in animal production systems. A key ingredient in this process is organic matter, which is supplied by recycling crop residues, green manures and animal manure. In addition this process leads to increased humus in the soil.

The use of EM is not restricted to the production of food. It is used extensively in waste management with very good results as shown by numerous studies and field applications in many countries. In recent past, antioxidants effects of EM have been reported, which could improve immune systems of plants and animals. The presentation highlights the development and current uses of EM in a global context.

Today, EM

Today, EM is developed using three principal organisms, namely Phototrophic bacteria, [A green and purple bacteria; energy for growth is derived from sunlight carbon is derived from carbon dioxide or organic carbon], Lactic acid bacteria, and Yeast. These three types are indispensable for EM and even if other species were not included, these would develop coexisting forms with other beneficial microorganisms in the environment. This happens, as EM is not made under sterile conditions, but using simple technology many difficult environments. Thus, the EM of today consists of these three principal types, which is subsequently enriched naturally by other species such as filamentous fungi and Actinomycetes. The fundamental principle is that the three principle species must be abundant in EM and the pH of the solution must be below 3.5. This technology and if this combination is found, that solutions, made anywhere will develop the beneficial effects of EM.

Bee MixtureThe Application of EM is Harmless

The application of EM is easy and is harmless. However, the use of EM does not only enhance the microbes found in EM in that environment. It acts as a catalyst with a synergistic effect to promote all the beneficial microbes of that environment. When this happens, the microbes that develop harmful effects are excluded from that ecosystem. Thus the soil micro flora and fauna change from a disease inducing soil to a disease suppressive soil. With time and with EM and organic matter, such a soil has a capacity to develop into a zymogenic soil, which as we know is capable of sustaining production. The process enhances to increase the humus content of the soil and generally an infertile Oxisol would finally end up as a black fertile soil, capable of supporting bountiful yields. This has been well proven in many environments as reported at many international forums. 

Antioxidant of EM

The technology of EM is based on holding the three principal species together at a very low pH, when most species of microbes die. EM helps produce antioxidant substances such as Inositol, Ubiquinone, Saponin, low molecular polysaccharides, polyphenols and Chelates of minerals. These antioxidants substances, which are now proven to develop disease suppression even in humans, are formed with the application of EM. This in turn allows the multiplication of beneficial microbes, while inhibiting the harmful species.

The antioxidant substances formed by EM in the decomposition and fermentation of organic matter has the capacity of detoxifying harmful substances. They suppress harmful reactions by deionization of hazardous substances and also promote the chelation of heavy metals such as lignin peroxidase. Such enzymes have the capacity to decompose residual agrochemicals and even dioxin in soils. Thus, if EM is used with organic matter in soils, which have been heavily contaminated with pesticides or have high concentrations of dioxin, they are detoxified within 2-3 seasons. This has been proven in many environments.

The role of EM is also enhanced by the gravity wave resonance originating from the phototrophic bacteria. These waves have higher frequencies and lower energy than gamma and x rays. These waves are capable of transforming harmful energy forms in nature into beneficial forms through resonance. This is the technology of effective Microorganisms [EM].

Function of EMFunctions of EM

EM is something that is environmentally friendly and safe for use in all agricultural systems. Its continuous use results in strengthening the vigor of plants. Research and farmers experiences present instances where crops grown with EM have withstood droughts, floods and temperature extremes. Use of EM has resulted in the increase of soil fauna such as earthworms. Such a phenomenon softens the soil, which in turns reduces the requirement of excessive tillage. Further examples of the benefits of EM include weed control. EM increases soil temperatures especially in the temperate regions, due to microbial activity. EM is also used in pest and disease management. These are some of the benefits of EM in Agriculture.

EM is also used for Medicinal herbs and spices such as pepper, garlic, and onions are blended with EM and fermented with molasses for 7 – 10 days. This solution not only prevents pest and disease incident, but also promotes photosynthesis in plants and enhances plant vigor. "Also, high resolution EM is used for human consumption. For those who fully understand Effective Microorganisms Technology, they see the cross-over between homeopathic, naturopathic, and energized medicine. EM as a human consumption; works on frequencies emitted by the beneficial microbes; the trace minerals and magnetic wave resonance,” [according to emamerica].

The above examples show the multitude of benefits of EM, which have been well proven in many environments. Thus it is a holistic technology. All these benefits are due to the combined benefits of the wave resonance and antioxidant properties of EM. The negative effects are reduced and at times, the negative energy is transformed into developing positive effects. A clear example is the use of EM in mitigating radioactive contamination as that found in Belarus. These studies have also shown that continued use of EM has reduced contamination. This could be attributed to the development of gravity waves with very high frequencies and ultra low energies. Thus, EM and the gravity wave resonance produced by EM are used in areas such as energy saving technologies and mitigating the effects of dioxin.  

The above stated activities of EM are due to the phenomenon of Syntropy, which is the opposite of entropy. This EM has the power to change the nature of things, where pollutants can be made in beneficial materials.  

EM is something worth trying – it is not heresy but a technology well tested and proven.   

Excerpts taken from:

Suggested Reading:

Higa, T. 1993. An earth saving revolution. Sunmark Publishing Inc. Japan.

Higa T. 1994. An earth saving revolution II. Sunmark Publishing Inc. Japan.

Proceedings of International Kyusei Nature Farming Conferences 1989-1997. INFRC Japan or APNAN, Thailand.

Proceedings of IFOAM Conferences. 1994-2000. IFOAM, Germany.

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